Total Pageviews

Tuesday, September 25, 2012

Influence of Hindutwa in Chakma politics: Ebne Golam Samad

Bangladesh News 24

PvKgv ivRbxwZ‡Z wn›`yZ¡ : Ge‡b †Mvjvg mvgv`


evsjv‡`k wbDR24 : 24/09/2012

Ôwn›`yZ¡Õ K_vUvi AvwfavwbK A_© n‡jv wn›`y ag©vbyhvqx fve| wKš‘ GB Dcgnv‡`‡k Gi ev¯—e A_© `uvwo‡q‡Q gymwjgwe‡Øl‡K cyuwR K‡i ivRbxwZ Kiv| PvKgviv wb‡R‡`i `vwe K‡ib †eŠ× wn‡m‡e| wKš‘ cÖK…Z cÖ¯—v‡e Zviv n‡jb wn›`y g‡bvfvevcbœ| Zv‡`i ivR‰bwZK wPš—v-‡PZbv D™¢~Z n‡Z †c‡i‡Q I cvi‡Q wn›`yZ¡ †_‡K| PvKgviv wb‡R‡`i †eŠ× e‡j `vwe Ki‡jI Zviv Ki‡Qb bvbv wn›`y †`e-‡`exi c~Rv| G‡`i g‡a¨ Av‡Qb wn›`y †`ex j¶&gx, Av‡Qb †`ex Kvjx| Z‡e wn›`y‡`i †_‡K PvKgv‡`i wn›`y †`e‡`ex c~Rvi iKg n‡Z †c‡i‡Q †ek wKQyUv wfbœ| 1901 mv‡ji Av`gïgvwii wi‡cv‡U© ejv n‡q‡Q PvKgviv j¶&gxc~Rv K‡ib| wKš‘ j¶&gx Zv‡`i Kv‡Q n‡jb dm‡ji †`ex| Zviv j¶&gxc~Rv K‡ib dm‡ji djb e…w×i j‡¶¨| Zviv j¶&gxi †Kv‡bv g~wZ© M‡o c~Rv K‡ib bv| j¶&gxc~Rvi Rb¨ GKwU c…_K N‡i GKwU cÖ¯—iLÐ ¯’vcb K‡ib| j²xc~Rvi mgq GB cv_‡ii †ew`‡Z gyiwM, k~Ki BZ¨vw` cÖvYx ewj †`b| c‡i Zviv GB ewjcÖ`Ë cÖvYx‡`i gvsm ivbœv K‡i cvjb K‡ib gnv‡fvR Drme|

†R wW GÛvimb (J. D. Anderson) GKmgq wQ‡jb weÖwUk Avg‡ji PÆMÖvg †Rjvi wWw÷ª± g¨vwR‡÷ªU| wZwb evsjv I Avmvg cÖ‡`‡ki wewfbœ ¯’v‡b PvKwi K‡ib| evsjv fvlvi Ici Zvi wQj Mfxi Uvb| wZwb GB fvlv †k‡Lb h‡_ó AvMÖn I g‡bv‡hvM w`‡q| †kl eq‡m wZwb nb wejv‡Zi weL¨vZ †KgweÖR wek¦we`¨vj‡q evsjv fvlv mvwn‡Z¨i Aa¨vcK| wZwb GKwU eB †j‡Lb The Peoples of India bv‡g| GB eB‡qi GK RvqMvq (c…ôv-8) PvKgv‡`i m¤ú‡K© gš—e¨ K‡i‡QbÑ PvKgviv n‡jb wZeŸwZ-ewg© (Tibeto-Burman) gvbeavivi †jvK| wKš‘ Zviv AskZ n‡q c‡o‡Qb wn›`y (Partly Hinduised)| PvKgviv evm K‡ib evsjv cÖ‡`‡ki c~e© cÖv‡š—| PvKgviv Avav wn›`y| G K_v e‡j‡Qb GÛvimb| GÛvim‡bi GB e³e¨‡K wfwË K‡i PvKgv‡`i wePvi Ki‡j PvKgv ivRbxwZi eZ©gvb aviv‡K †evSv n‡q I‡V mnR| PvKgviv wn›`y g‡bvfvevcbœ GUv Avgiv ejwQ bv| GKvwaK weÖwUk ch©‡e¶KI K‡i‡Qb GB wel‡q GKB iKg gš—e¨| †Kej Avgiv (evsjvfvlx gymjgvb) G iKg gš—e¨ Ki‡j DV‡Z cviZ gymwjg mv¤úÖ`vwqKZvi Awf‡hvM| wKš‘ G †¶‡Î GB mv¤úÖ`vwqKZvi Awf‡hvM IVv m¤¢e bq| PvKgviv †Kb wn›`yfvevcbœ n‡q‡Qb †mUvi e¨vL¨v Kiv mnR bq| KviY Zviv GKmg‡q wVK wn›`yfvevcbœ wQ‡jb bv| PvKgv‡`i m¤ú‡K© GKUv Lye wbf©i‡hvM¨ eB †j‡Lb kÖx mZxkP›`Ö †Nvl| eBwUi bvg ÔPvKgv RvwZÕ| eBwU cÖKvwkZ nq 1909 mv‡j| eBwU‡Z wZwb e‡j‡Qb (c…ôv 6)Ñ GKmgq PvKgv f~cwZiv wb‡R‡`i bvg ivL‡Zb gymjgvwb cÖ_vq| †hgb Rvgyj Luv, †kigy¯— Luv, †ki †`ŠjZ Luv, Rvbe• Luv, UeŸi Luv, ag©e• Luv cÖf…wZ| PvKgv f~cwZ‡`i ¯¿xiv Zv‡`i bv‡gi Av‡M wewe m‡¤^vab †hvM Ki‡Zb| PvKgviv †L` A_ev we¯§‡qi Av‡eM cÖKv‡ki mgq ej‡Zb †Lv`v| G‡K Ac‡ii mv‡_ †`Lv n‡j w`‡Zb mvjvg| †Kb Kx Kvi‡Y PvKgviv c‡i wn›`y g‡bvfvevcbœ n‡q DV‡Z cvi‡jb †mUvi e¨vL¨v GL‡bv †KD Kivi †Póv K‡ibwb| Z‡e Abygvb Kiv P‡j, PvKgviv we‡klfv‡e wn›`y g‡bvfvevcbœ n‡q I‡Vb weÖwUk kvmbvg‡j; Zvi Av‡M bq|

GLv‡b D‡jøL Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i, GKmgq AvivKv‡bi ivRviv wQ‡jb †MŠ‡oi myjZvb‡`i mvgš—| AvivKv‡bi ivRvivI ivL‡Zb gymjgvwb Kvq`vq bvg| GgbwK Zv‡`i gyw`ÖZ gy`Övq DrKxY© K‡i‡Qb Kv‡jgv ZvB‡q¨ev| m¤¢eZ AvivKvb ivRv‡`i GKUv cÖfve G‡m co‡Z †c‡iwQj PvKgv f~cwZ‡`i Ici| mZxkP›`Ö †Nv‡li g‡Z, PvKgv bvgUv G‡m‡Q eÖþ‡`kxq ÔQvKÕ A_ev Ô‡QKÕ bvg †_‡K| ewg© (gÖbgv) fvlvq PvKgv‡`i GB bv‡g WvKv nq| QvK †_‡K n‡q‡Q QvKgv| Avi QvKgv †_‡K n‡q‡Q PvKgv| weÖwUk b…ZvwË¡K wiR‡j PvKgv bv‡gi D™¢e m¤ú‡K© GKB gZ cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb| K_v¸‡jv ej‡Z n‡”Q GB Kvi‡Y †h, eZ©gv‡b cÖPvi Kiv n‡”Q PvKgv bvgwU m…wó n‡Z †c‡i‡Q ms¯‹…Z Ôkw³gvbÕ kã †_‡K| GB kw³gvb bvgwU bvwK cÖ`vb K‡iwQ‡jb wgqvbgv‡ii †Kv‡bv ivRv| wKš‘ wgqvbgv‡ii ivRv †Kb ms¯‹…Z bvg w`‡Z hv‡eb Zv †evSv `y®‹i| KviY ewg© ev gÖbgv fvlv n‡jv wZeŸwZ-Pxbv fvlv cwievify³| fvlvZvwË¡K‡`i g‡Z, B‡›`v-BD‡ivcxq fvlv cwiev‡ii mv‡_ Zvi (ewg© fvlvi) my`~i †hvMv‡hvM Kíbv Kiv hvq bv| wKš‘ fviZ †_‡K GLb cÖPvi Kiv n‡”Q, PvKgv bvgwU n‡jv ms¯‹…Z fvlv †_‡K Avmv| Ôkw³gvbÕ k‡ãi A_© n‡”Q ¶gZvm¤úbœ| †evSv‡bvi †Póv n‡”Q, PvKgviv n‡jb ¶gZvai RvwZ| GUv GKUv we‡kl ivR‰bwZK AwfmwÜ| gvbeavivi w`K †_‡K PvKgviv n‡jb g½jxq kvLvfy³| GUv Zv‡`i †Pnviv †`‡L mn‡RB Abygvb Kiv hvq| Zv‡`i †Kv‡bvfv‡eB ÔAvh©Õ ejv hvq bv|

PvKgviv `vwe Ki‡Qb, Zv‡`i c~e©cyi“l P¤úv bMi †_‡K G‡m Dcwbweó nb PÆMÖv‡g| Zviv Avm‡j Avh© es‡kv™¢e| P¤úv bMi wQj eZ©gvb wenv‡ii gMa A‡ji †Kv‡bv ¯’v‡b Aew¯’Z| wKš‘ Gi †Kv‡bv HwZnvwmK wfwË Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| wenv‡ii gMa A‡ji gvby‡li †Pnviv PvKgv‡`i g‡Zv †gv‡UI g½jxq bq| wenv‡ii gvby‡li mv‡_ PvKgv‡`i †Kv‡bv wgj Lyu‡R cvIqv hvq bv| Avm‡j PvKgv‡`i BwZnvm m¤ú‡K© Avgiv welqMZfv‡e GL‡bv Lye †ewk wKQy Rvwb bv| weÖwUk kvmbvg‡j Avi GBP nvwmbmb (R. H. Hutchinson) m¼jb K‡ib, cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg †Rjvi †M‡RwUqvi| hv cÖKvwkZ nq 1909 mv‡j| G‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q, cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg †Rjvi gvby‡li BwZnvm m¤ú‡K© mywbw`©ófv‡e wKQy ejv m¤¢e bq| Z‡e Abygvb Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i Ô‡gÖvÕ I ÔKywKivÕ cÖ_‡g G‡m GLv‡b emwZ K‡iwQ‡jb| PvKgviv cÖ_‡g G‡m emwZ K‡iwQ‡jb PÆMÖvg †Rjvi (mv‡eK) ga¨fv‡M †gÖv I KywK‡`i mwi‡q w`‡q| †gÖv I KywKiv †mLvb †_‡K weZvwoZ n‡q Dcwbweó n‡qwQ‡jb cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg †Rjvi DËi-c~e©fv‡M| c‡i evg©v hy‡×i mgq gMiv (hv‡`i GLb Avgiv ejwQ gvigv) G‡m Dcwbweó n‡Z _v‡Kb PÆMÖv‡g| gMiv G‡m PvKgv‡`i weZvwoZ K‡ib| PvKgviv eva¨ nq iv½vgvwUi Mfxi ebv‡ji evwm›`v n‡Z| PvKgviv, GB eY©bv mwZ¨ n‡j ej‡Z n‡e, cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi Avw`evmx bq| PvKgv‡`i m¤ú‡K© Avgv‡`i g‡b bvbv fyj aviYv mwÂZ n‡q Av‡Q| †hgb Avgiv g‡b Kwi, PvKgv‡`i Rxebaviv enb Ki‡Q be¨cÖ¯—i hy‡Mi HwZn¨| RygPvl n‡jv LyeB cÖvPxb Pvlc×wZ| PvKgviv K‡ib RygPvl|

Avwg 1952 mv‡j GKevi iv½vgvwU †eov‡Z wM‡qwQjvg| G mgq †`‡LwQ PvKgv RygPvwliv e‡bi MvQ KvU‡Qb †jvnvi `v w`‡q| e‡b MvQ KvUvi ci RygPvwliv IB me MvQ‡K KÕw`b a‡i †iv‡` ïKv‡Z †`b| Zvici IB me KvUv Mv‡Q aivb Av¸b| Av¸b awi‡q Zviv †ei K‡ib Rwg| Zvici Rwg‡Z MZ© K‡i ecb K‡ib exR| Zviv Rwg‡Z MZ© K‡ib †jvnvi `v w`‡q| RygPvl Lye cÖvPxb Pvlc×wZ| A‡bK b…ZvwË¡K G m¤ú‡K© Zv‡`i AwfgZ e¨³ K‡i‡Qb| Kv‡iv Kv‡iv g‡Z, be¨cÖ¯—i hy‡M gvbyl e‡bi MvQ †K‡U‡Q cv_‡ii Kyovj w`‡q| wKš‘ cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg A‡j †Kv‡bv cv_‡ii ˆZwi Kyov‡ji Aw¯—Z¡ †Kv‡bv w`b wQj e‡j cÖgvY cvIqv hvqwb| cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi PvKgv I Ab¨ DcRvwZiv e‡bi MvQ †K‡U‡Qb †jvnvi `v w`‡q| A_©vr Zv‡`i ej‡Z nq Avgv‡`i g‡ZvB †jŠnhy‡Mi gvbyl| PvKgv I Ab¨vb¨ cve©Z¨ DcRvwZi g‡a¨ Aek¨ †Kv‡bv †jvnvi Kvgvi †bB| Kvgv‡iiv mevB n‡jb evOvwj| wKš‘ evOvwj Kvgv‡iiv wM‡q Zv‡`i Kg©kvjv Ly‡j‡Qb cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg A‡ji bvbv RvqMvi nvUevRv‡i| Zviv n‡q D‡V‡Qb DcRvwZ mgv‡Ri Ask| Ab¨ w`K †_‡KI cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvgevmx‡K ejv †h‡Z cv‡i bv Avw`g mgvRfy³| Zv‡`i g‡a¨ mi`vi cÖ_v wQj, wKš‘ weÖwUk kvmbvg‡j Zv‡`i †g‡b Pj‡Z n‡q‡Q ivwóªK AvBb| Aek¨ cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg †Rjvq wePvi c×wZ wQj Ab¨ †Rjv †_‡K wfbœ| cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡g wePvi Ki‡Zb wWw÷ª± Kwgkbvi| wZwb wePviK wQ‡jb †dŠR`vwi I †`Iqvwb gvgjvi| cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡g weÖwUk kvmbvg‡j GKgvÎ Ly‡bi gvgjv Qvov Avi †Kv‡bv gvgjvq †ckv`vi DwKj wbhy³ Kiv †hZ bv| wKš‘ wWw÷ª± Kwgkbv‡ii iv‡qi wec‡¶ nvB‡Kv‡U© gvgjv Kiv †hZ| †mLv‡b f~wgmsµvš— gvgjv‡Z wbhy³ Kiv †hZ DwKj| GB me K_v ej‡Z n‡”Q G Rb¨ †h, GLb `vwe Kiv n‡”Q, cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg AÂj weÖwUk kvmbvg‡j †Kv‡bv ivwóªK AvB‡bi Øviv cwiPvwjZ n‡Zv bv| cwiPvwjZ n‡Zv cÖ_vMZ DcRvwZ AvB‡bi Øviv| wKš‘ GUv mZ¨ bq| weÖwUk Avg‡j cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg wQj nvB‡Kv‡U©i GLwZqvify³| nvB‡KvU© cviZ cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡g AvBb ejeZ Ki‡Z|

Avgiv e‡jwQ, PvKgviv g‡bvfv‡ei w`K †_‡K n‡jb wn›`yfvevcbœ| Avgiv g‡b Kwi, Zv‡`i ivRbxwZ cwiPvwjZ n‡Z cvi‡Q wn›`ycÖeYZv w`‡q| G †¶‡Î Avgiv wKQyUv wek` nIqvi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Av‡Q e‡j g‡b Kwi| †hUv Ki‡Z wM‡q ejv cÖ‡qvRb, weÖwUk Avg‡ji ivRbxwZ wb‡q wKQy K_v| weÖwUk Avg‡j wn›`y‡`i g‡a¨ †h RvZxq †PZbvi D‡b¥l N‡U, †mUv wQj wn›`yZ¡ev`x| GB RvZxq †PZbvi cÖ_g cÖKvk Avgiv †`L‡Z cvB ew¼gP‡›`Öi †jLv ÔAvb›`gVÕ Dcb¨v‡m| ew¼‡gi ÔAvb›`gVÕ Dcb¨v‡m Av‡Q e‡›` gvZig MvbwU| GB Mvb n‡jv we‡klfv‡e wn›`y RvZxqZvev`x| GB Mvb GKw`b n‡q D‡V‡Q fviZxq Ks‡MÖ‡mi ivR‰bwZK †PZbvi g~j Drm| hvi mv‡_ G Dcgnv‡`‡ki gymjgv‡biv †Kv‡bvfv‡eB GKvZ¥ n‡Z cv‡iwb| GLv‡b D‡jøL Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i, e‡›` gvZig MvbwUi myi ew¼gP›`Ö †`bwb| myi w`‡q‡Qb iex›`Öbv_| fviZ ¯^vaxb nIqvi ci, fvi‡Zi ivóª MVb cwil` (The Constituent Assembly) 1950 mv‡ji 24 Rvbyqvwi cÖ¯—ve MÖnY K‡i, fvi‡Zi RvZxq m½xZ n‡e `yÕwU| GKwU n‡jv ew¼gP‡›`Öi e‡›` gvZig, AciwU n‡jv iex›`Öbv‡_i RbMYgb| GLb iex›`Öbv‡_i RbMYgb MvbwU MxZ n‡”Q †ewk| wKš‘ Zv e‡j e‡›` gvZig ev` c‡o hvqwb| Avm‡j fvi‡Zi wn›`y ivRbxwZ cwiPvwjZ n‡”Q wn›`yZ¡ w`‡q| Avi e‡›` gvZig n‡”Q Zvi Drm|

1905 mvj †_‡K 1930 mvj ch©š— GB cuwPk eQi a‡i weÖwUk evsjvq P‡j‡Q mš¿vmev`x Av‡›`vjb| mš¿vmev`xiv g‡b K‡i‡Qb, wbqgZvwš¿K c‡_ Av‡›`vjb K‡i weÖwUk kvm‡bi Aemvb NUv‡bv hv‡e bv| Ki‡Z n‡e ej cÖ‡qvM| Ki‡Z n‡e mv‡ne Kg©Pvix‡`i Lyb| m…wó Ki‡Z n‡e AvZ‡¼i cwi‡ek, hv †f‡O †`‡e weÖwUk g‡bvej| Avi G †`‡k wejywß NUv‡e Zv‡`i kvm‡bi| PÆMÖvg kni n‡q D‡VwQj mš¿vmev`x Av‡›`vj‡bi Ab¨Zg cÖvY‡K›`Ö| PÆMÖv‡gi mš¿vmev`x `‡ji m`m¨iv 1930 mv‡ji 18 GwcÖj 9Uv 45 wgwb‡U K‡ib PÆMÖvg A¯¿vMvi jyÉb| hv GB Dcgnv‡`‡ki ivRbxwZi BwZnv‡m ¯§iYxq n‡q Av‡Q| PÆMÖv‡gi NUbvi cÖfve wbðqB wKQy cwigv‡Y iv½vgvwU‡Z wM‡q †cŠu‡QwQj| eZ©gvb PvKgv †bZviv PÆMÖvg kn‡ii mš¿vmev`x Afy¨Ìv‡bi Kvwnbx kÖeY K‡i‡Qb Zv‡`i †R¨ô‡`i Kv‡Q| Avi cÖfvweZ n‡q‡Qb mš¿vmev`x Av‡›`vj‡bi a¨vbaviYvi Øviv| PvKgv‡`i ivR‰bwZK wPš—v-‡PZbv‡K Dcjwä Ki‡Z n‡j mš¿vmev`x Av‡›`vj‡bi BwZnvm‡K g‡b ivL‡Z nq| mš¿vmev`x Av‡›`vjb cÖm‡½ K‡qKwU K_v GLb Avi we‡klfv‡e Av‡jvwPZ nq bv| wKš‘ Av‡jvwPZ nIqv cÖ‡qvRb| mš¿vmev`x Av‡›`vjb weÖwUkwe‡ivax Av‡›`vjb wQj| wKš‘ Gi mv‡_ gymjgvb‡`i †Kv‡bv mswkøóZv wQj bv| wn›`y mš¿vmev`xiv gymjgvb‡`i Ki‡Zb N…Yv| Zviv gymjgvb‡`i MÖnY K‡ibwb Zv‡`i `‡j| mš¿vmev`x Av‡›`vjb m¤ú‡K© fvi‡Zi GK Kv‡ji weL¨vZ KwgDwb÷ †bZv †gvRvddi Avng` Zvi AvZ¥Rxebx ÔAvgvi Rxeb I fvi‡Zi KwgDwb÷ cvwU©Õ MÖ‡š’ e‡j‡Qb (XvKv ms¯‹iY 1977, c…ôv 10) evsjv‡`‡ki mš¿vmev`x wecøex Av‡›`vjb wbtm‡›`‡n weÖwUkwe‡ivax Av‡›`vjb wQj| wKš‘ Zv wn›`y DÌv‡bi Av‡›`vjbI wQj| D‡Ïk¨ wQj wn›`y ivR‡Z¡i cybtcÖwZôv|Õ †gvRvddi Avng` Av‡iv e‡j‡QbÑ mš¿vmev`xiv †R‡j wM‡q Zv‡`i KvivK‡¶ UvOv‡Zb gv Kvjxi Qwe| Zviv g‡b Ki‡Zb, gv Kvjx n‡jv kw³cÖ`vqx †`ex| gv Kvjx cÖ`vb Ki‡eb Zv‡`i weÖwUkwe‡ivax msMÖv‡g kw³| AvRKvj Avgv‡`i †`‡k PÆMÖvg A¯¿vMvi jyÉb wb‡q eB †jLv n‡”Q| wKš‘ D‡jøL Kiv n‡”Q bv †h, mš¿vmev`xiv weÖwUk kvmbgy³ K‡i †P‡qwQ‡jb wn›`yiv‡R¨i cÖwZôv| PvKgviv cwiPvwjZ n‡”Qb Avm‡j wn›`y RvZxqZvev` Øviv| Zv‡`iI j¶¨ n‡”Q cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg‡K ¯^vaxb K‡i wn›`yivR¨ ¯’vcb| PvKgv‡`i g“ †RvMv‡”Q fviZ| fviZ Kv‡R jvMv‡Z Pv‡”Q PvKgv‡`i wn›`yZ¡ev`x g‡bvfve‡K|

cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg e‡j GKmgq †Kv‡bv †Rjv (gnvj) wQj bv| 1760 mv‡j evsjvi beve gxi Kv‡mg PÆMÖv‡gi AwaKvi †Q‡o w`‡Z eva¨ nb B÷ BwÛqv †Kv¤úvwb‡K| cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg †Rjv MVb Kiv nq Gi GK kÕ eQi c‡i 1860 mv‡j| hZ¸‡jv Kvi‡Y GB †Rjv MVb Kiv nq, Zvi g‡a¨ GKwU KviY wQj cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi DcRvwZ‡`i g‡a¨ wLÖóag© cÖPv‡ii my‡hvM K‡i †`qv| wKš‘ cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi DcRvwZ‡`i g‡a¨ wLÖóag© †mfv‡e cÖPvwiZ n‡Z cv‡iwb| `yÕwU cÖavb DcRvwZ PvKgv I gvigviv MÖnY Ki‡Z Pvbwb wLÖóvb ag©| wLÖóvb ag© MÖnY K‡i‡Qb cvsLv, eb‡hvMx I e‡gi g‡Zv ¶y`Ö DcRvwZ| Zviv MÖnY K‡i‡Qb e¨vcwU÷ wLÖóag©| fvi‡Zi wg‡Rvivg cÖ‡`k weÖwUk Avg‡j wQj mv‡eK Avmvg cÖ‡`‡ki GKwU †Rjv| †RjvwUi bvg wQj jymvB| jymvB †Rjvi Awaevmx jymvBiv mevB MÖnY K‡ib e¨vcwU÷ wLÖóag©| jymvBiv wb‡R‡`i bvg-cwiPq w`‡Z ïi“ K‡ib wg‡Rv wn‡m‡e| 1960-Gi `k‡K wg‡Rviv ïi“ K‡ib Zv‡`i ¯^vaxbZv Av‡›`vjb| fviZ miKvi jymvB †Rjv‡K cwiYZ K‡i wg‡Rvivg cÖ‡`‡k| Gi j¶¨ wQj wg‡Rv‡`i ¯^vaxbZv Av‡›`vjb‡K kvš— Kiv| wKš‘ wg‡Rv‡`i ¯^vaxbZv Av‡›`vjb Pj‡ZB _v‡K| wg‡Rvivg wjev‡ikb Avwg© m`m¨iv wg‡Rvivg †_‡K G‡m AvkÖq wb‡Z _v‡K iv½vgvwUi Mwnb e‡b| cvwK¯—vb miKvi wg‡Rv‡`i cÖ`vb K‡i mvgwiK cÖwk¶Y| wg‡Rviv iv½vgvwU †_‡K A¯¿ I †Mvjvevi“` wb‡q hy× Kivi Rb¨ wM‡q _v‡Kb wg‡Rviv‡g| 1971 mv‡j cÖvq `yB nvRvi wg‡Rv ˆmb¨ wQj iv½vgvwU‡Z| Zviv cvwK¯—vb ˆm‡b¨i Ask e‡j wb‡R‡`i cwiPq w`‡q fviZxq evwnbxi Kv‡Q AvZ¥mgc©Y K‡ib| 1972 mv‡j wmgjv Pyw³i ci cvK evwnbxi Ab¨ †mbv‡`i mv‡_ gyw³ †c‡q P‡j hvb KivwP‡Z| fviZ GLb PvKgv‡`i g“ w`‡”Q| Zviv cÖavbZ `yÕwU Kvi‡Y g“ w`‡”Q| hvi GKwU KviY n‡jv PvKgv †bZ…‡Z¡ hw` GKwU ¯^vaxb ivóª cÖwZwôZ n‡Z cv‡i, Z‡e Zvi mvnv‡h¨ fviZ cvi‡e evsjv‡`‡ki Ici wewfbœfv‡e Pvc m…wó Ki‡Z| PvKgv ivóª Kvh©Z n‡Z _vK‡e fviZ miKvi Øviv wbqwš¿Z| fvi‡Zi cÖfve ej‡qi evB‡i Zvi c‡¶ hvIqv m¤¢e n‡e bv| Ab¨ Avi GKwU KviY n‡jv, PvKgv ivóª cÖwZôv †c‡j fvi‡Zi c‡¶ m¤¢e n‡e wg‡Rv cÖ‡`k‡K wbqš¿‡Y ivLv| wg‡Rviv Avi KL‡bvB Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv ¯^vaxbZvi Rb¨ hy×| GLv‡b D‡jøL Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i, wKQymsL¨K jymvB cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg A‡jI evm K‡ib| Gme jymvBi c~e©cyi“l weÖwUk kvmbvg‡j MÖnY K‡ib e¨vcwU÷ wLÖóvb ag©| wKš‘ Giv cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg A‡j msL¨vq n‡jb LyeB mvgvb¨|

cwÎKvi Le‡i †`Ljvg Avgv‡`i cÖavbgš¿x ej‡Qb (bqv w`Mš—; 19 †m‡Þ¤^i 2012)Ñ cvnvwoivB n‡eb cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi Rwgi gvwjK| wKš‘ GUv wKfv‡e m¤¢e n‡e? KviY cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg wQj GKwU LyeB Rbweij AÂj| cvwK¯—vb I c‡i evsjv‡`k Avg‡j eû evsjvfvlx gymjgvb wM‡q evwoNi M‡o‡Qb cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡g| K‡i‡Qb dm‡ji Avev`| Zv‡`i wK cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg AÂj †Q‡o P‡j Avm‡Z n‡e? cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi f~wg‡Z wK _vK‡e bv Zv‡`i †Kv‡bv AwaKvi? GK †`‡k `yB iKg AvBb wKfv‡e n‡Z cvi‡e? GKRb PvKgv Rwg wK‡b XvKvq evwo Ki‡Z cvi‡eb, wKš‘ GKRb XvKvevmx iv½vgvwU‡Z wKsev cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi Avi †Kv‡bv RvqMvq wM‡q Rwg wK‡b evwo Ki‡Z cvi‡eb bv! G ai‡bi AvBb wK evsjv‡`‡ki msweav‡bi cwicš’x n‡e bv| cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡g eZ©gvb AvIqvgx jxM miKvi hv Ki‡Z Pv‡”Q, Zvi d‡j m…wó n‡Z cv‡i fq¼i GK m•NvZgq cwiw¯’wZi| cÖ_g K_v, evsjvfvlx gymjgvb KL‡bvB Qvo‡Z PvB‡eb bv cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi f~wgi Ici Zv‡`i AwaKvi cwiZ¨vM Ki‡Z| wØZxqZ, cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi Ab¨Zg DcRvwZ gvigviv KL‡bvB PvB‡eb bv cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡g PvKgv‡`i KZ©…Z¡ †g‡b wb‡Z| d‡j cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi cwiw¯’wZ n‡q DV‡e fqven m•NvZgq| weÖwUk Avgj †_‡KB cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡g gvigv I PvKgv‡`i g‡a¨ ïi“ n‡Z †c‡i‡Q g‡bvgvwjb¨| 1947 mv‡j PvKgviv cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡g Aš—f©yw³ †P‡qwQ‡jb fvi‡Zi| iv½vgvwU‡Z PvKgviv Dwo‡qwQ‡jb Ks‡MÖ‡mi cZvKv| Ab¨ w`‡K gvigviv ev›`iev‡b Dwo‡qwQ‡jb eg©vi †`vevgv cvwU©i cZvKv| gvigviv †P‡qwQ‡jb ev›`ievb GjvKv‡K eg©vi (wgqvbgv‡ii) mv‡_ hy³ Ki‡Z| PvKgv †bZviv `vwe Zy‡j‡QbÑ cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg A‡j evsjv‡`‡ki †mbvevwnbx ivLv Pj‡e bv| Zv‡`i GB `vwe gvb‡j cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg AÂj evsjv‡`k miKv‡ii wbqš¿Y _vK‡e bv| Kvh©Z n‡q hv‡e ¯^vaxb| cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg ¯^vaxb n‡j evsjv‡`‡ki cÖavb mgy`Öe›`i PÆMÖv‡gi fwel¨r n‡q co‡e AwbwðZ| jymvB cvnvo †_‡K D™¢~Z n‡q KY©dyjx b`x cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi ga¨ w`‡q cÖevwnZ n‡q G‡m‡Q PÆMÖv‡g Ges c‡o‡Q mgy‡`Ö| Avgv‡`i cÖavbgš¿x fvi‡Zi Pv‡c c‡o Ki‡Qb PvKgv‡`i †ZvqvR| Avi Gi d‡j evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^v_© n‡Z hv‡”Q we‡klfv‡e wecbœ| 1973 mv‡j 13 †deª“qvwi †kL gywReyi ingvb iv½vgvwUi GK Rbmfvq e‡jwQ‡jbÑ evsjv‡`‡ki me Awaevmx evOvwj wn‡m‡eB we‡ewPZ n‡e| g‡b n‡”Q, eZ©gvb AvIqvgx jxM miKvi m‡i Avm‡Z Pv‡”Q GB bxwZ †_‡K|

evsjv‡`‡ki DcRvwZ mgm¨v wb‡q Avgiv we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbv Kijvg K‡qK mßvn a‡i| KviY AvIqvgx jx‡Mi DcRvwZ bxwZ †`k‡K †V‡j w`‡Z cv‡i gvivZ¥K m¼‡UiB g‡a¨| evsjv‡`k cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg AÂj †Rvi K‡i `Lj K‡iwb| 1947 mv‡j cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg Z`vbxš—b cvwK¯—v‡bi mv‡_ hy³ nq i¨vWwKd †iv‡q`v‡`i gva¨‡g| wKš‘ GLb BwZnvm Ggb K‡i †jLv n‡”Q, †hb cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg AÂj evsjv‡`k Mv‡qi †Rv‡i Rq K‡i †mLv‡b AvwacZ¨ Ki‡Q| mviv we‡k¦ P‡j‡Q fvi‡Zi c¶ †_‡K my‡KŠk‡j bvbv cÖPviYv| wKš‘ we‡kl `ytLRbK n‡jI evsjv‡`‡ki Ggb A‡bK eyw×Rxex I ivR‰bwZK Av‡Qb hv‡`i e³e¨ n‡q D‡V‡Q fvi‡Zi e³‡e¨i m¤ú~iK| ZvB msev`c‡Îi cvZvq Avgv‡`i g‡Zv `y-GKRb‡K wjL‡Z n‡”Q ev¯—e cwiw¯’wZ †evSv‡bvi Rb¨ `xN© cÖeÜ| Gi Av‡M Avwg muvIZvj‡`i wb‡q wj‡LwQ GKwU eo cÖeÜ| A‡b‡K muvIZvj‡`i wb‡q A‡bK wKQy wjL‡Q| hv‡`i †jLv c‡o g‡b n‡Z cv‡i muvIZv‡jiv evsjv‡`‡ki gymjgv‡bi nv‡Z n‡”Qb wbM…nxZ| wKš‘ ev¯—‡e wK †mUv mZ¨? muvIZv‡jiv gymjgvb‡`i e‡jbÑ ÔZyo-LÕ| A_©vr ZywK©| wKš‘ ZywK©iv Zv‡`i NiQvov K‡ibwb| Zviv NiQvov n‡q‡Qb weÖwUk kvmbvg‡j| weÖwUk kvmbvg‡jB N‡U‡Q weL¨vZ muvIZvj we‡`Övn| Avgvi g‡Z, DcRvwZ‡`i K_v fve‡Z n‡e RvZxq ¯^v‡_©i mv‡_ m½wZ †i‡L| RvZxq ¯^v_©‡K Lv‡Uv K‡i DcRvZxq ¯^v_©‡K †Kv‡bvfv‡eB cÖvavb¨ †`qv †h‡Z cv‡i bv| KviY DcRvwZ RvwZ bq; RvwZi GKUv ¶y`Ö Rbmgwó gvÎ| hviv GKwU RvwZi Ask n‡q c‡o‡Q BwZnv‡mi avivq|

Ge‡b †Mvjvg mvgv` : cÖexY wk¶vwe` I Kjvwg÷


No comments:

Post a Comment