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Sunday, September 22, 2013

CHT land disputes problem and its prospect- Brig. Gen. Md. Sorowar Hossain


We publish below the article of Brig. Gen. Md. Sorowar Hossain, a Bangladesh army officer posted in CHT. The article has been published in the Daily Jugantor, a national vernacular in Bangladesh.    

Courtesy: Jugantor, Dhaka, 14 Sept 2013 

http://www.nowbdnews.com/jugantor/2013/09/14/14825.htm

cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi f~wg we‡iva mgm¨v I m¤¢vebv

‰`wbK hyMvšÍi : 14/09/2013
weÖ‡MwWqvi †Rbv‡ij †gvt m‡ivqvi †nv‡mb

RbmsL¨vi µgea©gvb Pvc Ges weMZ eQi¸‡jvi A_©‰bwZK g›`v m‡Ë¡I cÖevmx‡`i AwR©Z ˆe‡`wkK gy`Öv I Mv‡g©›U wk‡í wb‡qvwRZ jvL jvL kÖwg‡Ki AK¬vš— cwikÖg evsjv‡`‡ki A_©bxwZi PvKv‡K mPj ivL‡Z ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Ae`vb ivL‡Q| GB wecyj RbmsL¨vi †gŠwjK Pvwn`v c~iY Kiv iv‡óªi GKwU Ab¨Zg `vwqZ¡| GUv Ab¯^xKvh© †h, GB wekvj RbmsL¨vi Lv`¨ I Avevmbmn Ab¨vb¨ cÖ‡qvRbxqZv †gUv‡Z cÖwZwbqZB Avgv‡`i Avevw` Rwgi cwigvY nÖvm cv‡”Q| ZvB mvwe©K Kj¨v‡Yi Rb¨ Avgv‡`i cÖvß m¤ú‡`i mwVK e¨envi wbwðZ Kiv GKvš— cÖ‡qvRb| evsjv‡`‡ki `w¶Y-c~e©w`‡K Aew¯’Z cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg cÖvK…wZK m¤ú‡` mg„× GK Acvi m¤¢vebvgq AÂj| `yf©vM¨ekZ, åvZ…NvZx mk¯¿ msNvZ Avi weivRgvb f~wg mgm¨vi Kvi‡Y cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg RvZxq A_©bxwZ‡Z Avkvbyiƒc Ae`vb ivL‡Z cvi‡Q bv| f~wg mgm¨vi mgvavb wejw¤^Z nIqvq cÖZ¨vwkZ DbœqbI e¨vnZ n‡”Q| GgbwK f~wg mgm¨v mgvav‡b `xN©m~ÎZv kvwš— Pyw³i g‡Zv HwZnvwmK AR©b‡K LvwbKUv ¤­vb K‡i‡Q|

MZ K‡qKkÕ eQi a‡i wewfbœ DcRvwZ I Zv‡`i c~e©cyi“liv mxgvš— AwZµg K‡i cve©Z¨ GjvKvq cÖ‡ek K‡i Ges we‡kl weav‡bi AvIZvq G A‡j emevm ïi“ K‡i| ÔThe Chittagong Hill Tracts Regulation, 1900Õ Abyhvqx G GjvKvi Rwgi cÖK…Z gvwjK †Rjv cÖkvmK Z_v miKvi| Rwgi Ici DcRvZxq RbM‡Yi AwaKv‡ii wfwË ev hyw³ hvB †nvK bv †Kb GUv m‡›`nvZxZfv‡eB ejv hvq, DcRvZxq Rb‡Mvôxi GB mbvZbx wPš—v-fvebv G A‡ji w¯’wZkxjZv i¶vq cÖfve we¯—vi Ki‡e| cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi DcRvZxqiv AvR †_‡K K‡qKkÕ eQi Av‡M g~jZ ZrKvjxb evg©v I AvivKvb evwnbxi g‡a¨ msNwUZ hy×-weMÖ‡ni Kvi‡Y mxgvš— AwZµg K‡i G A‡j AvMgb K‡i| GKB mg‡q A_©vr 1660 `k‡Ki w`‡K †gvMjivI G GjvKvq Av‡m Ges evwYwR¨K cÖ‡qvR‡b PÆMÖv‡gi mgZj f~wg †_‡K evOvwj‡`i G‡b emev‡mi my‡hvM K‡i †`q| †gvMj I weÖwUk‡`i ci cvwK¯—vb miKvi cvnvwo‡`i Rwg I Avevm¯’j †_‡K D‡”Q` K‡i Rjwe`y¨r †K›`Ö ¯’vcb K‡i| D‡”Q`-cieZ©x mg‡q cÖ`Ë ¶wZc~i‡Yi UvKv bv †c‡q DcRvZxq Rb‡Mvôx cÖPÊfv‡e ms¶yä nq| GiB avivevwnKZvq ¯^vaxbZv-cieZ©x mg‡q cve©Z¨ GjvKvq mk¯¿ we‡`Öv‡ni Kvi‡Y evsjv‡`k me‡P‡q `xN© Af¨š—ixY mgm¨vq Rwo‡q c‡o| hvB †nvK, mvwe©K †cÖ¶vc‡U weivRgvb f~wg mgm¨vB GLb ¸i“Z¡c~Y© msKU wn‡m‡e †`Lv w`‡q‡Q| f~wg e¨e¯’vcbvi mwVK wbqgbxwZi Afve, G wel‡q mbvZbx wPš—v-‡PZbv, GKvwaK wbqš¿Y ms¯’v Ges me‡k‡l mgZj f~wg †_‡K evOvwj‡`i G‡b cvnv‡o cybe©vm‡bi wm×vš— G mgm¨v‡K AviI cÖKU K‡i †Zv‡j|

f~wg mgm¨v wbimbK‡í evsjv‡`k miKvi GiB g‡a¨ GKwU AvBb cvm K‡i‡Q Ges GKRb AemicÖvß wePvicwZ‡K cÖavb K‡i f~wg Kwgkb MVb K‡i‡Q| cici PviwU Kwgkb MwVZ n‡jI A`¨vewa D‡jøL‡hvM¨ AMÖMwZ mvwaZ nqwb| m¤úÖwZ RbmsnwZ mwgwZ ÔCHT Land Dispute Settlement Commission Act 2001Õ ms‡kva‡bi wKQy cÖ¯—vebv w`‡q‡Q hv miKvi ¸i“‡Z¡i m‡½ we‡ePbv Ki‡Q| AwZ m¤úÖwZ miKvi wKQy ¸i“Z¡c~Y© cÖ¯—vebv gwš¿cwil‡` Aby‡gv`‡bi gva¨‡g f~wg mgm¨v mgvav‡b ¸i“Z¡c~Y© c`‡¶c MÖnY K‡i‡Q| Z`ycwi, f~wg mgm¨v mswkøó Aš—ivq¸‡jv mevi cÖÁv, mnbkxjZv I m‡e©vcwi †`k‡cÖg Qvov mgvavb Kiv KwVb n‡Z cv‡i|

cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg evsjv‡`‡ki GK Abb¨ mvaviY f~-cÖvK…wZK AÂj, †hLv‡b wfbœ ag©vej¤^x I wewfbœ †kÖYx-‡Mv‡Îi gvby‡li mvs¯‹…wZK HwZn¨ Avi cvnvo-‡jK †ewóZ ˆewPZª¨gq f~wgi Af~Zc~e© †gjeÜb N‡U‡Q| RbmsL¨vi RxebhvÎvi gvb ch©v‡jvPbvq †`Lv hvq, MZ K‡qK eQ‡i G AÂj Av_©-mvgvwRK †¶‡Î e¨vcK Dbœqb mvab K‡i‡Q| 2011 mv‡ji Av`gïgvwi Abyhvqx cve©Z¨ GjvKvi †gvU RbmsL¨v 15 jvL 98 nvRvi 291 Rb| evOvwj QvovI GLv‡b wewfbœ ai‡bi 13wU DcRvwZ emevm K‡i| Giv n‡”Q PvKgv, gvigv, wÎcyiv, gyis, Z½¨v, †evg, cvs‡Lvqv, Lywg, PvK, jymvB, DmvB, eb‡hvMx I wLqvs| †gvU RbmsL¨vi 47 kZvsk evOvwj, 26 kZvsk PvKgv, 12 kZvsk gvigv Ges 15 kZvsk Ab¨vb¨ DcRvwZ| me DcRvwZi g‡a¨ PvKgv DcRvwZ wk¶v, ms¯‹…wZ, ab-m¤ú‡` h‡_ó GwM‡q Av‡Q| f~wg mgm¨v m¤ú‡K© ¯^”Q aviYv jv‡fi Rb¨ G A‡j DcRvwZ RbM‡Yi AvMgb, avivevwnK cÖmvi Avi HwZnvwmK weeZ©b m¤^‡Ü Rvbv cÖ‡qvRb, hvi wKQyUv GLv‡b Zy‡j aiv n‡q‡Q|

†lvok kZvãx‡Z cZ©ywMRiv hLb e‡½vcmvMi GjvKvq Av‡mb, ZLb AvivKvb mvgÖvR¨ Zv‡`i mnR k‡Z© PÆMÖvg A‡j Ae¯’vb K‡i e¨emv cwiPvjbvi AbygwZ †`q| Gi gva¨‡g †i‡fwbD msMÖn QvovI AvivKvb ivRv cieZ©x mg‡q kw³kvjx †gvMj‡`i wei“‡× mgi we`¨vq cvi`k©x cZ©ywMR evwnbx‡K Kv‡R jvMvq| 1600 mv‡ji ïi“i w`‡K fvi‡Zi wÎcyiv ivR¨ †_‡K wKQy wÎcyiv Rb‡Mvôx LvMovQwo GjvKvq Av‡m Ges †mLv‡b Ryg Pv‡li gva¨‡g Rxebhvcb ïi“ K‡i| PvKgv‡`i AvMg‡bi e¨vcv‡i mywbw`©ó Z_¨ bv _vK‡jI wKQy KíK_v cÖPwjZ i‡q‡Q, hvi e¨vcv‡i A‡bK M‡elK GKgZ †cvlY K‡ib| aviYv Kiv nq, PvKgviv AvivKv‡bi P¤úKbMi GjvKv †_‡K cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡g Av‡m| wKš‘ gRvi welq n‡”Q, fviZe‡l©i wenvi †_‡K AvivKvb ch©š— †ek K‡qKwU P¤úKbMi i‡q‡Q| GgbwK iv½vgvwU‡ZI P¤úKbMi bvgK GKwU RvqMv i‡q‡Q| †gvMj‡`i AvMg‡bi c~e©-Aewa PvKgv RvwZi BwZnvm KíbvcÖm~Z n‡jI Zv hyM hyM a‡i cÖPwjZ| †cŠivwYK m~Î †gvZv‡eK, †eŠ× ag©vej¤^x ivRcyÎ weRqwMix ivR¨ R‡qi Rb¨ GK`v wekvj †mbvevwnbx wb‡q wngvj‡qi cv`‡`k †_‡K c~e©w`‡K iIbv †`b| wZwb †gNbv b`x AwZµg K‡i AvivKvb ivR¨ Rq K‡i †mLv‡b PvKgv emwZ M‡o †Zv‡jb| ZLb G AÂjwU fvi‡Zi DËi I c~e©vÂj †_‡K cÖfvekvjx wn›`y I kw³kvjx gymwjg mf¨Zvi cÖfv‡e wb‡®úwlZ †eŠ× ag©vej¤^x‡`i AvkÖq¯’j wn‡m‡eB e¨eüZ n‡Zv| GQvov wewfbœ cZ©ywMR K‡jvwb †hgb- †Mvqv, †mjb, †KvwPb, gvjv°v I Ab¨vb¨ RvqMvi †divwi Avmvwg‡`i Rb¨I GwU wQj ¯^M©ivR¨| hvB †nvK, B÷ BwÛqv †Kv¤úvwbi AvMg‡bi ci wewfbœ †iKW©, `wjj-`¯—v‡eR, gy`Öv, Qwe I KvMRcÎ †_‡K G RvwZi BwZnvm AviI MÖnY‡hvM¨Zv I ¯^vZš—ª¨ jvf K‡i| G GjvKvi cÖ_g weÖwUk †Rjv cÖkvmK Captain T.H. Lewin iwPZ ÔThe Hill Tracts of Chittagong and the Dwellers ThereinÕ-G wjwce× Z_¨vw` †m A‡_© A‡bK †ewk MÖnY‡hvM¨| 1660 mv‡ji ïi“i w`‡K evg©v I AvivKvb evwnbxi g‡a¨ msNwUZ hy×-weMÖ‡ni Rb¨ PvKgviv bvd b`xi Aci cv‡o PÆMÖv‡gi `w¶‡Y Aew¯’Z ivgy cywjk †÷k‡bi Kv‡Q AvkÖq MÖnY K‡i| 1657 mv‡j hLb fviZe‡l©i mgÖvU kvnRvnvb Amy¯’ n‡q c‡ob, ZLb wmsnvmb `L‡ji Rb¨ Zvi Pvi cyÎ åvZ…NvZx msN‡l© Rwo‡q c‡o| GiB avivevwnKZvq 1658 mv‡j kvnRvnvb cyÎ evsjvi my‡e`vi kvn myRv Zvi eo fvB AvIi½‡R‡ei Kv‡Q fvi‡Zi DËi cÖ‡`‡ki ÔLvIRv hy‡×Õ civwRZ n‡q PÆMÖv‡g cvwj‡q Av‡mb| ZLbI PÆMÖvg ZrKvjxb AvivKvb iv‡R¨i ¸i“Z¡c~Y© e›`i bMix wn‡m‡e cwiwPZ wQj| AvIi½‡R‡ei cÖavb †mbvcwZ gxi Rygjv myRv‡K nZ¨vi Rb¨ wcQy †bb| myRvi m‡½ Zvi Abymvix †mbvevwnbxi 18 Rb †mbvcwZ Ges j¶vwaK ˆmb¨ PÆMÖv‡gi Av‡bvqvivq Ae¯’vb †bq| gxi Rygjv XvKv †cŠuQv‡bvi ci myRv‡K AvZ¥mgc©‡Yi Rb¨ msev` cvVvb| kvn myRv Zvi cwievi I Aí K‡qKRb ˆmb¨-mvgš— wb‡q PÆMÖvg †_‡K AvivKv‡bi †gv‡ivns‡q AvkÖq MÖnY Kiv‡KB †ewk wbivc` g‡b K‡ib| †gvMj evwnbxi Ab¨ mn‡hvMxiv ZLb ivgy‡Z Ae¯’vb wb‡q w`bvwZcvZ ïi“ K‡i| igYx weewR©Z †gvMj ˆmb¨evwnbxi m`m¨iv ax‡i ax‡i PvKgv igYx‡`i m‡½ wg‡jwg‡k msmvi Rxeb ïi“ K‡i| ZLb †_‡K PvKgviv †gvMj †mbvcwZ‡`i ivRv wn‡m‡e MÖnY K‡i|

Gw`‡K AvivKv‡bi †eŠ× ivRv mvÛv _yWv¤§v myRvi my›`ix †g‡q‡K we‡qi cÖ¯—ve w`‡j myRv fxlYfv‡e ¶yä nb| G wb‡q AvivKvb mxgv‡š— cwiw¯’wZi h‡_ó AebwZ N‡U| we‡q wb‡q m…ó RwUjZvi Kvi‡Y †eŠ× ivRv myRv‡K mcwiev‡i nZ¨v K‡i| d‡j †gvMj ˆmb¨ Ges AvivKvb ˆmb¨‡`i g‡a¨ eû LÊ LÊ hy× msNwUZ nq| †gvMj ˆmb¨iv ZLb †KŠkjMZ Kvi‡Y ivgy †Q‡o AvjxK`‡gi Mwnb Ai‡Y¨ Avevm¯’j M‡o †Zv‡j Ges PvKgvivI Zv‡`i m‡½ GB GjvKvq G‡m emevm ïi“ K‡i| †gvMj ˆmb¨iv nRiZ Avjxi (iv.) Abymvix wQj| ZviB bvgvbymv‡i GB RvqMvi bvg ivLv nq AvjxK`g, hv GLbI cÖPwjZ| (Pj‡e)

weÖ‡MwWqvi †Rbv‡ij †gvt m‡ivqvi †nv‡mb, GBPwWGgwm, wcGmwm : cve©Z¨ GjvKvq weÖ‡MW KgvÛvi wn‡m‡e Kg©iZ

Jugantor, Dhaka, 15 September 2013

http://www.nowbdnews.com/jugantor/2013/09/15/14934.htm


cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi f~wg we‡iva : mgm¨v I m¤¢vebv

‰`wbK hyMvšÍi : 15/09/2013
cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi f~wg we‡iva : mgm¨v I m¤¢vebv
weÖ‡MwWqvi †Rbv‡ij †gvt m‡ivqvi †nv‡mb

(MZKv‡ji ci)

myRvi mvgwiK cÖavb d‡Zn Lvb mcwiev‡i myRv nZ¨vi `ytmsev` wb‡q AvjxK`g †_‡K w`wjø hvb| G Lei ï‡b AvIi½‡Re fxlY w¶ß n‡q I‡Vb Ges my‡e`vi kv‡q¯—v Lvb‡K AvivKvb ivR¨ Avµg‡Yi Rb¨ cvVvb| kv‡q¯—v Lv‡bi cyÎ D‡g` LvbI AvivKvb R‡q Zvi m½x nb| †gvMj Mfb©i kv‡q¯—v Lvb evsjvq AvMg‡bi ci DcRvwZ we‡`Övnx‡`i civ¯— Kivi Rb¨ AvZ¥wb‡qvM K‡ib| wZwb AvivKvb evwnbxi ûgwK ch©v‡jvPbv K‡i kw³kvjx mvgwiK evwnbx M‡o †Zvjvi Ici g‡bvwb‡ek K‡ib| ax‡i ax‡i wZwb Rvnv‡Ri msL¨v evwo‡q †bŠevwnbxi m¶gZv e…w× K‡ib|

Aciw`‡K wZwb ˆmb¨ I im` w`‡q AvivKvb evwnbx‡K mvnvh¨ cÖ`vbKvix WvP I cZ©ywMR evwnbxi mg_©b jv‡fi Rb¨ cÖ‡Póv Ae¨vnZ iv‡Lb| AvivKvb I cZ©ywMR‡`i g‡a¨ m¤ú‡K©i dvUj ai‡j kv‡q¯—v Lvb †ek jvfevb nb| IB evwnbxi mg_©bcyó n‡q kv‡q¯—v Lv‡bi †bZ…Z¡vaxb †gvMjevwnbx AvivKv‡bi `Lj †_‡K cÖ_‡g m›Øxc gy³ K‡i| 1665 mv‡ji wW‡m¤^‡i kv‡q¯—v Lvb AvivKvb evwnbxi cÖavb NuvwU wn‡m‡e cwiwPZ PÆMÖv‡g mvgwiK Awfhvb ïi“ K‡i| G mgq wZwb mxgv‡š— wbivcËvi Rb¨ iv½vgvwU knimn cyivbNi (iv½vgvwUi cÖvY‡K›`Ö) Ges KvVMi (†`vnvRvixi mwbœK‡U) GjvKvq †mbv QvDwb ¯’vcb K‡ib| G †mbv QvDwbi Avkcv‡k cÖPyi evOvwj emwZ ¯’vcb K‡i e¨emv-evwYR¨ ïi“ K‡i, hv‡`i ¯’vbxq DcRvwZiv Avw`evmx evOvwj e‡j Rv‡b| ZLb G AÂj wQj wnsmÖ RxeRš‘i AfqviY¨, †hLv‡b my`~i Px‡bi cve©Z¨ GjvKv †_‡K KywKiv AvmZ| KywKiv wQj eb¨cÖvYx‡`i g‡ZvB feNy‡i cÖK…wZi Ges Zviv djg~j msMÖn I cï wkKvi K‡i RxebaviY KiZ| c‡i AvivKvb, gM I cZ©ywMR `my¨iv PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii Avkcv‡k Av¯—vbv †M‡o mgy`Ö DcK~jeZ©x GjvKvq jyUZivR ïi“ K‡i| kv‡q¯—v Lv‡bi HKvwš—K †Póvq G `my¨‡`i wbg©~j Kiv nq|

PÆMÖvg weR‡qi ci D‡g` Lvb PÆMÖv‡gi beve wn‡m‡e wb‡qvM jvf K‡ib| †mB mg‡q Avjx K`‡g Aew¯’Z †gvMj ˆmb¨iv D‡g` Lv‡bi cÖwZ wek¦¯— †_‡K wbqwgZ Zyjv Ki cÖ`vb KiZ| hw`I 1666 †_‡K 1724 mvj ch©š— †gvMj †mbvcwZiv Rwg`vwi cwiPvjbv K‡i‡Q, wKš‘ G‡`i g‡a¨ Rvjvj Lvb PÆMÖv‡gi bev‡ei m‡½ Sv‡gjvq Rwo‡q Ki w`‡Z A¯^xK…wZ Rvbvb| ZvB PÆMÖv‡gi bIqve `ª“Z Rvjvj Lv‡bi wei“‡× hy× ïi“ K‡ib| d‡j Rvjvj Lvb AvivKv‡b AvkÖq MÖnY K‡ib Ges gM‡`i m‡½ hy‡× wjß n‡q GK ch©v‡q g„Zy¨eiY K‡ib| hy‡×i 13 eQi ci 1737 mv‡j Rvjvj Lv‡bi mn‡hv×v †ki g¯— Lvb PÆMÖv‡gi bev‡ei m‡½ †`Lv K‡i m¤úK© cybt¯’vcb K‡ib Ges c`yqv †Kv`vjv GjvKvq ¯’vqxfv‡e emevm Ki‡Z _v‡Kb| wZwb †mLv‡b GKwU Lvgvievwo ¯’vcb Ki‡j A‡bK gM I PvKgv Rb‡Mvôx G‡m emevm ïi“ K‡i| †mB mg‡q wek¦¯—Zv I `¶Zvi wfwˇZ †gvMjiv DcRvZxq‡`i Ô‡`IqvbÕ, ÔZvjyK`viÕ BZ¨vw` †LZv‡e f~wlZ K‡ib, hv Zv‡`i eskaiiv GLbI e¨envi K‡i _v‡K|

PÆMÖvg A‡j AvwacZ¨ we¯—v‡ii Rb¨ B÷ BwÛqv †Kv¤úvwbi A‡bK w`‡bi `yiwfmwÜg~jK cwiKíbv wQj| †mB j‡¶¨ †Kv¤úvwb PÆMÖv‡g `y-`yÕevi hy×RvnvR cvwV‡q KviLvbv ¯’vc‡bi †Póv K‡i e¨_© nq| 1710 mv‡j evsjvi beve Ab¨vb¨ GjvKvi g‡Zv PÆMÖvg †Rjv‡KI B÷ BwÛqv †Kv¤úvwbi nv‡Z †Q‡o †`q| hw`I †Kv¤úvwb w`wjøi ev`kv kvn Avj‡gi KvQ †_‡K 1765 mv‡ji ci ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi AwaKvi jvf K‡i| AZtci B÷ BwÛqv †Kv¤úvwb ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi Rb¨ `yÕRb ivRv wb‡qvM †`q| Zviv n‡jb- PvKgv ivRv †ki †`ŠjZ Lvb Ges AvivKvb es‡kv™¢~Z †evgvs ivRv †cvqvs| gM I Lywg DcRvwZiv †evgvs ivRvi Aax‡b _v‡K| G ivRviv ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi Rb¨ wbR¯^ c×wZ Pvjy K‡ib| hZB w`b hvw”Qj, RbM‡Yi Ici †Kv¤úvwbi K‡ii †evSv ZZB †e‡o hvw”Qj hv c‡i RbM‡Yi Am‡š—v‡li KviY nq| †gvMj evwnbxi PÆMÖvg R‡qi ci mxgv‡š—i Icv‡i Aw¯’wZkxjZv I cybt cybt wmsnvmb cwieZ©‡bi Kvi‡Y AvivKv‡bi kvmb e¨e¯’v `ye©j n‡q c‡o| GiB my‡hvM wb‡q 1784 mv‡j evg©vi ivRv †evacvqv AvivKvb Rq K‡ib| wVK G mgq A‡bK gvigv RbMY bvd b`x cvwo w`‡q K·evRvi GjvKvq G‡m emevm ïi“ K‡i| G‡`i emev‡mi e¨e¯’v K‡i †`qvi Rb¨ K¨v‡Þb K·‡K `vwqZ¡ †`qv n‡qwQj, hvi bvgvbymv‡i K·evRv‡ii bvgKiY Kiv nq| †evacvqv KZ©…K HwZnvwmK AvivKvb ivR¨ `L‡ji ci c…w_exi gvbwPÎ †_‡K G ivR¨wU G‡Kev‡i nvwi‡q hvq| AZtci evg©vi ˆmb¨iv e¨vcK MYnZ¨v ïi“ K‡i hv 1785 †_‡K 1800 mvj ch©š— ejer wQj| cwiYv‡g A‡bK PvKgv RbMY AvivKvb Z¨vM K‡i cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡g G‡m AvkÖq †bq|

1859 †_‡K 1899 mvj ch©š— KywK DcRvZxq m¤úÖ`vq ewnivMZ‡`i wei“‡× we‡`Övn †NvlYv Ki‡j wecyj †jvKRb nZvnZ nq| 1860 mv‡j cÖkvmwbK myweavmn mdjfv‡e DcRvZxq Av‡›`vjb `g‡bi Rb¨ cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg AÂj‡K e…nËi PÆMÖvg †_‡K c…_K Kiv nq| 1881 mv‡ji †k‡li w`‡K iv½vgvwU kn‡ii 1658 eM©gvBj GjvKv wb‡q PvKgv mv‡K©j, ev›`iev‡bi 1444 eM©gvBj wb‡q †evgvs mv‡K©j Ges 653 eM©gvBj wb‡q ivgM‡o gs mv‡K©j MwVZ nq| PvKgv m¤úÖ`v‡qi ¶gZv Le© Kivi D‡Ï‡k¨ ZrKvjxb †Rjv cÖkvmK gs mv‡K©j MVb K‡ib e‡j Rvbv hvq| DcRvZxq Rb‡Mvôx‡K we‡kl myweav cÖ`v‡bi Rb¨ 1900 mv‡ji †g gv‡m CHT Regulation 1 of 1900 Kvh©Ki Kivi gva¨‡g wZb cve©Z¨ †Rjvi mv‡K©jcÖavb‡`i ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi `vwqZ¡ †`qv nq| wKš‘ GB †i¸‡jk‡bi 34bs aviv Abyhvqx †h †Kv‡bv ai‡bi Rwg eÜK, wewµ, cwieZ©b I AwaMÖnY †Rjv cÖkvm‡Ki GLwZqvify³| hvi A_©, †Rjv cÖkvmKB n‡”Q Rwgi cÖK…Z gvwjK| g¨vbyqvj Abyhvqx mv‡K©jcÖav‡bi Aaxb¯’ †nWg¨vb I Kvievwiiv †gŠRv I cvovq ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi `vwqZ¡cÖvß, hv msMÖ‡ni ci mv‡K©jcÖavb KZ©…K †Rjv cÖkvm‡Ki Kv‡Q n¯—vš—i Kiv nq| cÖK…Zc‡¶ wZb mv‡K©j cÖavb Ges Zv‡`i Aaxb¯’ †nWg¨vb I Kvievwiiv n‡”Q ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi Rb¨ miKv‡ii wbw`©ó cÖwZwbwa| f~wg e¨e¯’vcbvi †¶‡Î †Rjv cÖkvmK mv‡K©jcÖavb‡`i Ici KZ©…Z¡ K‡i _v‡Kb| AviI c‡i 1947 mv‡j hLb weÖwUkiv G Dcgnv‡`k‡K a‡g©i wfwˇZ wef³ K‡i, ZLb PvKgviv wb‡R‡`i cvwK¯—vwb gymjgvb‡`i †P‡q fviZxq wn›`y‡`i ˆbKU¨ cÖZ¨vkv K‡i Ges DcRvwZ Aay¨wlZ GjvKv wb‡q GKwU ¯^Zš¿ f~wgi ¯^cœ †`‡L| wKš‘ mxgvbv wba©viYx Kwgkb PvKgv‡`i G myß evmbvi g~j¨vqb K‡iwb| hvB †nvK, 1956 mv‡j KvßvB euva wbg©v‡Yi Rb¨ Z`vbxš—b cvwK¯—vb miKvi KY©dyjx †j‡Ki Rwg AwaMÖnY K‡i, hvi d‡j cÖvq 54 nvRvi GKi dmwj Rwg cvwb‡Z Zwj‡q hvq| GQvovI msiw¶Z ebvÂj we¯—v‡ii Rb¨ c~e© cvwK¯—vb ivB‡dj †_MvgyL, myejs I ivBswLqvs GjvKv †_‡K ¶wZc~iY e¨wZ‡i‡K DwjøwLZ GjvKvi Awaevmx‡`i D‡”Q` K‡i, hv G GjvKvi Rb‡Mvôx‡K we¶yä K‡i †Zv‡j| Gme GjvKvi RbMY GLbI wek¦vm K‡i, Zv‡`i wbR¯^ wf‡UgvwU †_‡K D‡”Q` Kiv n‡q‡Q|

1970-Gi wbe©vP‡b AvIqvgx jxM wbisKyk msL¨vMwiôZv jvf Ki‡jI ¶gZv n¯—vš—i wb‡q m…ó ivR‰bwZK RwUjZvi P~ovš— ch©v‡q Z`vbxš—b c~e© cvwK¯—vb IB eQ‡ii gv‡P© GK i³v³ ¯^vaxbZv hy‡× Rwo‡q c‡o| PvKgv ivRv wÎw`e ivqmn wKQy PvKgv RbMY G gnvb ¯^vaxbZv hy‡×i wei“×vPiY K‡ib| c‡i ivRv wÎw`e ivq cvwK¯—v‡bi cÖwZ msnwZ I GKvZ¥Zv cÖKvk K‡i Avg„Zy¨ cvwK¯—v‡b emevm K‡ib| ZvB 1971 mv‡ji ¯^vaxbZv hy‡×i ci fxZmš¿¯— n‡q A‡bK DcRvwZ RbMY fvi‡Z cjvqb K‡i| Avi †m my‡hv‡M †`‡k i‡q hvIqv DcRvZxqiv G A‡ji Rgv-Rwgi wbqš¿Y wb‡q †bq| ¯^vaxbZvi ci 1972 mv‡j Zi“Y cÖwZev`x cvnvwo †bZv GgGb jvigv e½eÜy †kL gywReyi ingv‡bi m‡½ mv¶vr K‡i cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi ¯^vqËkvm‡bi `vwe DÌvcb K‡ib, hv RvwZi e…nËi ¯^v‡_© M…nxZ nqwb| AZtci 1975 mv‡j RvwZi wcZv mcwiev‡i wbnZ n‡j mvsweavwbK Dcv‡q ¯^vqËkvm‡bi `vwe Av`v‡qi m¤¢vebv ¶xY n‡q Av‡m| ZvB 1976 mvj †_‡K ¯^vqËkvm‡bi `vwe‡Z cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg RbmsnwZ mwgwZ mk¯¿ we‡`Öv‡ni c_ †e‡Q †bq| IB mg‡q ¯^vaxbZv-DËi evsjv‡`k bvbv mgm¨vq RR©wiZ wQj| ZLb miKvi wKQy f~wgnxb evOvwj cwievi‡K cve©Z¨ GjvKvq emev‡mi my‡hvM K‡i †`q| cybe©vwmZ cÖwZwU evOvwj cwievi‡K 5 GKi K‡i LvmRwg e‡›`ve¯— †`qv nq, hv DcRvZxqiv AvRI wb‡R‡`i e‡j `vwe K‡i Avm‡Q| hvB †nvK, mk¯¿ Av‡›`vj‡bi ZxeÖZv e…w× †c‡j evOvwj cwievi¸‡jv‡K wbivcËv ej‡qi g‡a¨ G‡b emevm Ki‡Z †`qv nq| G my‡hv‡M DcRvwZ RbMY evOvwj‡`i †Q‡o hvIqv RvqMv-Rwg `Lj K‡i emevm ïi“ K‡i| Gfv‡eB cve©Z¨ GjvKvi f~wg mgm¨v RwUj †_‡K RwUjZi n‡Z _v‡K|

ÔHill District Council Act 1989Õ Kvh©Ki nIqvi ci cve©Z¨ †Rjv cwil` †Pqvig¨vb‡K f~wg msµvš— †h †Kv‡bv µq-weµq cwieZ©b ev AwaMÖn‡Yi c~Y© ¶gZv †`qv nq| GKB m‡½ ÔwnjUÖv±m g¨vby‡qj 1900Õ Kvh©Ki _vKvq f~wg mgm¨v AviI RwUj AvKvi aviY K‡i| 1997 mv‡ji 2 wW‡m¤^i cve©Z¨ kvwš— Pyw³ ¯^v¶wiZ n‡j G GjvKvi AvBb-k…sLjv cwiw¯’wZi e¨vcK DbœwZ mvwaZ nq Ges f~wg mgm¨vwU ¸i“Z¡c~Y© n‡q I‡V| cwiw¯’wZi mvwe©K Dbœq‡bi Rb¨ mevB wbR Rgv-Rwgi Ici wbqš¿Y wbwðZ Ki‡Z AMÖYx n‡j wewfbœ RvqMvq RvwZMZ msN‡l©i m~ÎcvZ nq|

BwZg‡a¨ miKvi kvwš—Pyw³i AvIZvq †ewkifvM `vwe-`vIqv ev¯—evqb wbwðZ K‡i‡Q| HwZnvwmK `…wó‡KvY †_‡K †`L‡j j¶Yxq †h, kvwš— Pyw³i ci c…w_exi A‡bK †`‡kB hy×-weMÖn eÜ nqwb, †hgb my`vb (1972), †mvgvwjqv (1990), G‡½vjv 1 I 2 (1991 I 1994) Ges i“qvÛv (1993)| GgbwK cve©Z¨ Pyw³i eû eQi Av‡M ¯^v¶wiZ A¨vs‡jv-AvBwik Pyw³ ev¯—evq‡bi w`K †_‡K GLbI A‡bK wcwQ‡q Av‡Q| cve©Z¨ kvwš— Pyw³ Abyhvqx me ai‡bi gvgjv cÖZ¨vnvimn me we‡`Övnx‡K mvaviY ¶gv †NvlYv Kiv nq| me©‡gvU 1 nvRvi 989 Rb‡K Avw_©K Aby`vb cÖ`vbmn 705 Rb‡K cywjk wefv‡M PvKwi †`qv n‡q‡Q| 12 nvRvi 222wU DcRvwZ cwievi‡K wÎcyiv †_‡K †`‡k G‡b cybe©vwmZ Kiv nq| 1998 mv‡j cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvgwelqK gš¿Yvjq cÖwZwôZ nq Ges eZ©gv‡b Rbve `xc¼i ZvjyK`vi G gš¿Yvj‡qi cÖwZgš¿x wn‡m‡e `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡Qb| mš‘ jvigvi †bZ…‡Z¡ 1998 mv‡j AvÂwjK cwil` MwVZ n‡jI gnvgvb¨ nvB‡Kv‡U© GZ`msµvš— wel‡q GKwU gvgjv Pjgvb _vKvq cwil` Kvh©Z ¯’wei| gnvgvb¨ nvB‡Kv‡U© cve©Z¨ kvwš—Pyw³i †hŠw³KZv wb‡q gvgjv n‡q‡Q Ges G Rb¨ nvB‡KvU© miKv‡ii Kv‡Q cÖ‡qvRbxq e¨vL¨v †P‡q‡Qb| Aek¨ gnvgvb¨ nvB‡KvU© AvÂwjK cwil` I mv‡K©jcÖavb‡`i KwZcq ¶gZv A‰ea †NvlYv K‡i‡Qb| miKvi nvB‡Kv‡U©i Avwcj wefv‡M Avwcj Ki‡jI gnvgvb¨ nvB‡Kv‡U© Zv ¯’wMZ Kiv n‡q‡Q| G welqwUmn AvÂwjK wbe©vP‡bi Rb¨ Avjv`v †fvUvwaKvi cÖ‡qv‡Mi welqwUi ¯’vqx myivnv n‡jB †Pqvig¨vb I †g¤^vi‡`i wbe©vPbmn mevi Rb¨ RvZxq cwiPqcÎ Bmy¨i e¨e¯’v MÖnY m¤¢e n‡e| BwZg‡a¨ wewfbœ gš¿Yvj‡qi 32wU wel‡qi g‡a¨ 22wU cve©Z¨ †Rjv cwil‡`i †Pqvig¨v‡bi Aax‡b b¨¯— Kiv n‡q‡Q| cve©Z¨ GjvKvq DcRvwZ cywjk‡`i e`wji welqwU hLb cÖwµqvaxb wQj, wVK ZLbB XvKvq KwZcq DcRvZxq cywjk m`‡m¨i †Mvjvevi“` Pywii NUbv e¨vcK Pv‡j¨i m…wó K‡i, hvi d‡j welqwU Avi G‡Mvqwb|

f~wg mgm¨v mgvav‡bi Rb¨ 1999 mv‡j f~wg Kwgkb MVb Kiv nq Ges ÔCHT Land Dispute Settlement Commission Act 2001Õ cÖYqb Kiv nq| BwZg‡a¨ cve©Z¨ GjvKv †_‡K wbivcËv evwnbxi 238wU K¨v¤ú cÖZ¨vnvi Kiv n‡q‡Q| wZb cve©Z¨ †Rjvq †Rjv wePvwiK Av`vjZ ¯’vwcZ n‡q‡Q| msm` m`m¨ ˆmq`v mv‡R`v †PŠayix‡K cÖavb K‡i wZb m`‡m¨i cve©Z¨ kvwš— Pyw³ ev¯—evqb Ges ch©v‡jvPbv KwgwU MVb Kiv nq| miKvi 1997-Gi kvwš— Pyw³i gva¨‡g DcRvwZ m¤úÖ`v‡qi AwaKvi msi¶Ymn msweav‡bi 15Zg ms‡kvabxi gva¨‡g ¶y`Ö b…-‡Mvôxi ¯^xK…wZ cÖ`v‡bi e¨e¯’v MÖnY K‡i‡Q| (Pj‡e)

weÖ‡MwWqvi †Rbv‡ij †gvt m‡ivqvi †nv‡mb, GBPwWGgwm, wcGmwm : cve©Z¨ GjvKvq weÖ‡MW KgvÛvi wn‡m‡e Kg©iZ

Jugantor, Dhaka, 16 Sept 2013

cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi f~wg we‡iva : mgm¨v I m¤¢vebv

‰`wbK hyMvšÍi : 16/09/2013
weÖ‡MwWqvi †Rbv‡ij †gvt m‡ivqvi †nv‡mb

(MZKv‡ji ci)

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